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Clockwise from top left:,,, Existentialism ( ) is a tradition of philosophical enquiry associated mainly with certain 19th and 20th-century philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences, shared the belief that philosophical thinking begins with the human subject—not merely the thinking subject, but the acting, feeling, living human. While the predominant value of existentialist thought is commonly acknowledged to be freedom, its primary virtue is. In the view of the existentialist, the individual's starting point is characterized by what has been called 'the existential attitude', or a sense of disorientation, confusion, or in the face of an apparently meaningless or world. Many existentialists have also regarded traditional systematic or academic philosophies, in both style and content, as too abstract and remote from concrete human experience. Is generally considered to have been the first existentialist philosopher, though he did not use the term existentialism. He proposed that each individual—not society or religion—is solely responsible for giving to life and living it passionately and sincerely, or 'authentically'.
Existentialism became popular in the years following, and strongly influenced many disciplines besides, including theology, drama, art, literature, and psychology. Contents • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Definitional issues and background [ ] The term is often seen as a historical convenience as it was first applied to many philosophers in hindsight, long after they had died. In fact, while existentialism is generally considered to have originated with Kierkegaard, the first prominent existentialist philosopher to adopt the term as a self-description was. Sartre posits the idea that 'what all existentialists have in common is the fundamental doctrine that ', as scholar explains. Captiveworks Cw-600s Premium Bin Files. According to philosopher, defining existentialism has been relatively difficult, and he argues that it is better as a general approach used to reject certain systematic philosophies rather than as a systematic philosophy itself.